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Informational Links


Vision and Learning

Binocular Vision Impairments

3D Stereo Vision

  • 3D Vision (Binocular Vision)How does it work? Why do we need it?
  • Eye Doctors and 3D Vision Eye doctors use stereoscopic 3D images to develop and reinforce 3D vision.
  • The Stereo Vision Project What is stereo vision? What is a binocular (two-eyed) vision impairment?
  • Learn to see in 3D! Visit the 3D Art Gallery and view Magic Eye stereograms, stereo photographs, optical illusions, and much more.

General Resources

Optometric Organizations

  • COVD — The College of Optometrists in Vision DevelopmentAn international professional optometric organization which grants board certification in Vision Therapy to optometrists (FCOVD)
  • AOA — The American Optometric AssociationThe American Optometric Association represents approximately 36,000 doctors of optometry, optometry students and paraoptometric assistants and technicians. Doctors of optometry provide two-thirds of all primary eye care in the United States.
  • OEPF — Optometric Extension Program FoundationServing the educational needs of optometrists.
  • NORA — Neuro Optometric Rehabilitation Association International, Inc.An organization which provides direction for the visual rehabilitation of the neurologically and cognitively injured and disabled survivor population, including people who have physical disabilities and traumatic brain injuries (TBI).
  • Optometrists Network An international network of optometrists, primarily in the United States

Helpful Vision Links

100s of Success Stories Stories about 20/20 Vision, ADD-ADHD, Depth Perception, Double Vision, Headaches, Motion Sickness, NLD, School Performance, Sports & Coordination, and much more. Written by patients, parents, educators, etc.

About Learning Related Vision Problems Browse through this large collection of articles by the PTA, School Nurse News, Web MD, professors, eye doctors, and more…

ADD/ADHD? Is it really ADD/ADHD? Or is it an undetected vision problem?

All About Cross-Eyed & Lazy Eye An expert eye doctor explains all types and treatments of strabismus (eye turns) and lazy eye. Information on eye surgery is included.

Children’s Eye Health and Special Visual Needs A large web site on children’s visual health (including binocular vision and eye conditions related to special needs).

Eyestrain, Blurry Vision, Double Vision, and/or Headaches Convergence Insufficiency (CI) is the leading cause of eyestrain, blurry vision, double vision, and/or headaches (including with near vision). Patients should be aware that convergence insufficiency is a fairly common visual condition and that treatment is very effective.

Optometrists Network Eye care information and free referrals for the public. No visitor registration required. No vendor advertising. Supported by optometrists who provide vision therapy.

Stereo 3D Vision Learn all about 3D Art and stereo vision! Winner: Internet Medical Site of the Week.

Vision, Eyesight, and Brain Injury About treatment of the visual consequences of brain injury (including double vision).

What is Vision Therapy? See the Interview with an Eye Doctor.

General Vision Information

Useful Links

College of Optometrists in Vision Development (COVD) Parent Resource Center:

COVD Research:

Optometric Extension Program Foundation (OEPF):

Optometrists Network public site:

Optometrists Network on Strabismus:

Parents Active for Vision Education (PAVE):

Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group (PEDIG)

Vision and Learning Forum (VLF):

Vision and Learning Forum Summary:

Vision Therapy Success Stories:


11 Tips for Protecting Your Vision:


Books On VT:

  • “Fixing My Gaze” by Susan R. Barry (Basic Books, 2010) A scientist describing her journey from strabismus to regaining depth perception through vision therapy.
  • “Julian’s Story: How Vision Therapy Changed My Daughter’s Life” by Robin and Jillian Benoit (The Small Press, 2012)
  • When 20/20 is Not Enough” by Dr. Arthur Seiderman and Dr. Steven Marcus (Fawcett, 1991)
  • “When Your Child Struggles” by Dr. David Cook (Invision Press, 1992)


Published Articles on VT:

  • Cooper, J. Summary of Research on the Efficacy of Vision Therapy for Specific Visual Dysfunctions. The Journal of Behavioral Optometry 1998; 9(5): 115-119.
  • Convergence Insufficiency Treatment Trial Study Group, Randomized Clinical Trail of Treatments for Symptomatic Convergence Insufficiency in Children, Arch Ophthalmol. 2008 Oct;126(10): 1336-49
  • Ciuffreda, KJ. The Scientific Basis for and Efficacy of Optometric Vision Therapy in the Nonstrabismic Accommodative and Vergence Disorders, Optometry. 2002 Dec;73(12);735-62