- Part 1: My Journey Dr. Odineal’s introduction, including why Vision Therapy is so important to her.
- Part 2: What is Vision? Dr. Odineal explains why “20/20” does not mean your vision is perfect, and she describes some aspects of perception that are not covered by a traditional eye examination.
- Part 3: How We Test Vision Dr. Odineal describes how a behavioral optometrist tests more than just visual accuity and eye health.
- Part 4: Symptoms Dr. Odineal describes some of the symptoms that are experienced by people who may be helped by Vision Therapy.
- Mark Former patient Mark describes his experiences in brain surgery rehab at In Depth Vision.
- Why we do Vision Therapy Victoria describes how her son’s life was changed.
- Vision Exams for Children An old 1994 TV news piece featuring Dr. Odineal.
- The “In Depth Vision” YouTube channel
- All About Vision and Learning Browse through this large collection of articles by the PTA, School Nurse News, Web MD, professors, eye doctors, and more…
- About Success in School with Vision Therapy Read stories written by students, parents and teachers about improved grades, reading, spelling, math, handwriting, and more.
- All About Attention Deficit Disorder (ADHD or AD/HD), Vision and Eyesight Is it really ADD/ADHD? Or is it an undetected vision problem?
- Blurry Vision, Eyestrain, Double Vision, and/or Headaches Convergence Insufficiency (CI) is the leading cause of blurry vision, eyestrain, double vision, and/or headaches (including with near vision). Patients should be aware that convergence insufficiency is a fairly common visual condition and that treatment is very effective.
- Convergence Insufficiency (CI) and Reading Problems Convergence insufficiency can interfere with the ability to read, learn, and work at near (at close distances). This article by an eye doctor explains how and why CI causes reading and learning problems. See the illustrations!
- Dyslexia and Vision The American Academy of Optometrists and the American Optometric Organization discuss vision, learning-related vision problems, and dyslexia.
- Eye Tracking, Eye Teaming Problems and Reading Difficulties Article by an eye doctor explains how and why eye tracking and eye teaming problems interfere with reading speed and skills. See the illustrations!
- Vision Therapy and LDs As part of an interview, an eye doctor discusses whether Vision Therapy helps learning disabilities or learning-related vision problems.
- All About Strabismus, Lazy Eye, Crossed-Eyes, Double Vision, etc. Most comprehensive patient education web site on Strabismus on the internet – includes an article by an expert eye doctor covering the most frequently asked questions about crossed eyes, eye turns, etc.
- What is Lazy Eye or Amblyopia? Lazy eye is not the same as strabismus (a crossed eye or an eye turn). Read this very easy-to-understand explanation.
- Children’s Vision, Eyesight, Eye Exams and Visual Health A large web site with many pages of easy-to-understand information on lazy eye, crossed-eyes, strabismus, developmental delays, eye muscle surgery, dyslexia, binocular vision impairments, and much more.
- Eye Muscle Surgery for Lazy Eye and Strabismus Answers to the most frequently asked questions regarding eye muscle surgery as a treatment for lazy eye, crossed eyes, etc. This type of surgery is frequently done, but often does not give satisfactory results.
- 3D Vision (Binocular Vision)How does it work? Why do we need it?
- Eye Doctors and 3D Vision Eye doctors use stereoscopic 3D images to develop and reinforce 3D vision.
- The Stereo Vision Project What is stereo vision? What is a binocular (two-eyed) vision impairment?
- vision3d.com Learn to see in 3D! Visit the 3D Art Gallery and view Magic Eye stereograms, stereo photographs, optical illusions, and much more.
- What is a Complete Eye Exam? It is not enough to test the clarity of eyesight at a distance of 20 feet (known as 20/20). A complete visual evaluation tests many aspects of vision.
- What is Vision Therapy? Various definitions of Vision Therapy by American Optometric Association, eye doctors, and patient advocates.
- National Directory of Eye Doctors Find an eye doctor in another state. This directory provides free referrals to eye doctors who offer specialized services, such as vision therapy, neuro-optometric rehabilitation, therapeutic lenses, preventive care, etc.
- Vision Therapy FAQs An eye doctor answers questions about Vision Therapy in an interview.
- Vision Therapy Research and Medical Literature
- Success Stories A general catalog of vision therapy success stories
- Optometrists and Ophthalmologists What are the differences in practice focus between a pediatric optometrist and a pediatric ophthalmologist?
- Choosing an Eye Doctor Comments by educators on choosing pediatric vision care for a child.
- Vision Glossary Build your visual health vocabulary!
- PAVE — Parents Active for Vision Education
- COVD — The College of Optometrists in Vision DevelopmentAn international professional optometric organization which grants board certification in Vision Therapy to optometrists (FCOVD)
- AOA — The American Optometric AssociationThe American Optometric Association represents approximately 36,000 doctors of optometry, optometry students and paraoptometric assistants and technicians. Doctors of optometry provide two-thirds of all primary eye care in the United States.
- OEPF — Optometric Extension Program FoundationServing the educational needs of optometrists.
- NORA — Neuro Optometric Rehabilitation Association International, Inc.An organization which provides direction for the visual rehabilitation of the neurologically and cognitively injured and disabled survivor population, including people who have physical disabilities and traumatic brain injuries (TBI).
- Optometrists Network An international network of optometrists, primarily in the United States
Helpful Vision Links
100s of Success Stories Stories about 20/20 Vision, ADD-ADHD, Depth Perception, Double Vision, Headaches, Motion Sickness, NLD, School Performance, Sports & Coordination, and much more. Written by patients, parents, educators, etc.
About Learning Related Vision Problems Browse through this large collection of articles by the PTA, School Nurse News, Web MD, professors, eye doctors, and more…
ADD/ADHD? Is it really ADD/ADHD? Or is it an undetected vision problem?
All About Cross-Eyed & Lazy Eye An expert eye doctor explains all types and treatments of strabismus (eye turns) and lazy eye. Information on eye surgery is included.
Children’s Eye Health and Special Visual Needs A large web site on children’s visual health (including binocular vision and eye conditions related to special needs).
Eyestrain, Blurry Vision, Double Vision, and/or Headaches Convergence Insufficiency (CI) is the leading cause of eyestrain, blurry vision, double vision, and/or headaches (including with near vision). Patients should be aware that convergence insufficiency is a fairly common visual condition and that treatment is very effective.
Optometrists Network Eye care information and free referrals for the public. No visitor registration required. No vendor advertising. Supported by optometrists who provide vision therapy.
Stereo 3D Vision Learn all about 3D Art and stereo vision! Winner: Internet Medical Site of the Week.
Vision, Eyesight, and Brain Injury About treatment of the visual consequences of brain injury (including double vision).
What is Vision Therapy? See the Interview with an Eye Doctor.
General Vision Information
- Myopia Infographic
- Australian Eye Institute
- Resources for Visually Impaired Travelers
- Cerebral Palsy Guidance
College of Optometrists in Vision Development (COVD) Parent Resource Center: www.covd.org
COVD Research: www.covd.org/?page=research
Optometric Extension Program Foundation (OEPF): oefp.org/reference_articles
Optometrists Network public site: www.optometrists.org/public_eye_care.html
Optometrists Network on Strabismus: www.strabismus.org
Parents Active for Vision Education (PAVE): www.pavevision.org
Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group (PEDIG) pedig.jaeb.org/Publications.aspx
Vision and Learning Forum (VLF): www.vision-learning.org
Vision and Learning Forum Summary: vision-learning.org/resources/vision-therapy-research-literature/
Vision Therapy Success Stories: www.visiontherapystories.org
Vision Therapy.org: www.visiontherapy.org/vision-therapy/vision-therapy-studies.html
11 Tips for Protecting Your Vision: www.nowtheglasses.com/resources/eye-health-11-tips-protecting-vision-2017/
Books On VT:
- “Fixing My Gaze” by Susan R. Barry (Basic Books, 2010) A scientist describing her journey from strabismus to regaining depth perception through vision therapy.
- “Julian’s Story: How Vision Therapy Changed My Daughter’s Life” by Robin and Jillian Benoit (The Small Press, 2012)
- When 20/20 is Not Enough” by Dr. Arthur Seiderman and Dr. Steven Marcus (Fawcett, 1991)
- “When Your Child Struggles” by Dr. David Cook (Invision Press, 1992)
Published Articles on VT:
- Cooper, J. Summary of Research on the Efficacy of Vision Therapy for Specific Visual Dysfunctions. The Journal of Behavioral Optometry 1998; 9(5): 115-119.
- Convergence Insufficiency Treatment Trial Study Group, Randomized Clinical Trail of Treatments for Symptomatic Convergence Insufficiency in Children, Arch Ophthalmol. 2008 Oct;126(10): 1336-49
- Ciuffreda, KJ. The Scientific Basis for and Efficacy of Optometric Vision Therapy in the Nonstrabismic Accommodative and Vergence Disorders, Optometry. 2002 Dec;73(12);735-62
- 20-20 Eyesight and 20/20 Eye Screenings – Not Perfect for Learning and School!,
- All About Learning Related Vision Problems,
- Learning Related Vision Problems and Attention Deficit Disorders (ADD/ADHD), Dyslexia, and Learning Disabilities (LDs),
- Eyesight & Vision: Vision Therapy Helps Students with Reading Problems or Reading Below Grade Level, Handwriting, Homework, Spelling, and Math, etc.,
- Eyesight & Vision: Vision Therapy Helps Students Who’ve Been Labeled Attention Deficit (ADHD), Slow Learners, Lazy Students, Behavior Problems, Special Education, Gifted Learning Disabled, etc.,
- Vision Therapy as Treatment for Learning Disabilities.
- Auburn Family Optometry.